秦始皇苦寻不老之药 竟竟是猕猴桃?

秦始皇作为中国古代历史上第一位皇帝,他对长生不老的渴求可谓空前。在其晚年时期,更是带领大部队远渡重洋,寻求长生不老药。然而令人震惊的是,据传最终下面的人为其找到的长生不老药,竟是今天我们常吃到的奇异果——猕猴桃。这又是怎么一回事呢?

  


震惊 猕猴桃竟是徐福渡海为秦始皇寻的不死药?

  徐福,在中国古籍中,是一个头脑聪明、胆大心细的骗子,因为当过"方士",大约还是个早期化学家.秦始皇完成了他一统天下和建造长城的伟业,便开始憧憬不老不死的神奇.于是徐福在公元前219年来到秦王的宫廷,声称《山海经》上面记载的蓬莱、方丈、瀛洲三座仙岛就在东方海中,他愿意为秦王去那里取来不死之药.第一次东渡徐福并没有带回长生之药,他告诉始皇,东方的确有神药,但是神仙要三千童男童女,各种人间礼物,同时,海上航行有鲸鱼拦路,他要强弓劲弩射退大鱼.秦始皇全盘答应条件,助他再次东渡.结果,徐福一去不复返,在东方"平原广泽之地"自立为王,再也不回来复命了.根据考证,徐福并非传说人物,1982年,经考证他的故乡正是今天江苏省连云港郊外的徐阜村.

  看到这里,不禁令人生疑,秦始皇何许人也?荆轲那样的职业刺客都死在他的手里,怎么会上徐福的大当?除非……除非他能让秦始皇相信东方真的有仙山,仙山上真的有不死药.

  


秦始皇寻找长生不老药

  传说中的仙岛,倒并不全是虚妄,仙没有,岛是有的.按照日本的记载,徐福所说的就是日本的本州、四国、九州三岛.日本的文字史料中,对徐福的记载含糊不清.这也不能责怪日本人,因为徐福登陆的时代,日本还在蒙昧之中,还没有可靠的文字记载呢!但是按照部分日本史学界人士的观点,徐福,就是日本古代着名君主--神武天皇,他登陆日本的地点,便在日本的关西平原."神武东征"横扫日本的传说就是基于徐福登陆日本,南征北战的事迹.

日本人的思维比较独特,因此他们在考证徐福问题的时候,想法也一样富有个性.他们根据考古发现,分析古代墓葬遗骨证明,徐福东渡时期,日本关西地区的居民平均身高骤然升高了5厘米,由此推断,这很可能是徐福和他的部属登陆后造成的局部人种改良.还有一个有趣的现象,就是日本科学家发现日本人的基因里,有1%来自中国云南地区,而日语训读发音(土语发音)也和云南纳西族的语音有很多相似之处.这是怎么回事呢?从徐福东渡,或许可以找到答案.根据中国方面的史籍记载,徐福要求的三千童男童女,秦始皇也没法一下子凑齐,这个时候,秦军刚巧征服了西南夷,于是秦始皇就下令这些被征服的部族提供所需要的童男童女.西南夷,就是现代云南各民族的共同祖先.因此,如果这些西南夷的后代借徐福东渡融入日本人种,带给日本人1%的云南基因便有据可循了.

  


猕猴桃竟是徐福渡海为秦始皇寻的不死药?

  秦始皇从来不是一个愚蠢的人,若徐福全靠造谣生事,怎能骗得了这位精明过人的千古一帝?那可是囚母弑父,统一六国的一代枭雄啊.就算是求药心切,徐福第一次的失败,难道不会引起他的怀疑?而徐福也很奇怪,如果他从来没有到过日本,他怎么知道一直往东航行就可以到达日本?而且依靠几千人加强弓劲弩的高技术兵器就可以征服这个国家?他显然对日本有一定的熟悉.

  假如日本真的一直是传说中的仙药产地,而且徐福善于花言巧语鼓吹一番,骗取秦始皇信任,再得到所需要的人员和装备,就比较符合逻辑了.否则,在生土上种花,要想让秦始皇拿出血本来,只怕更大的可能是忽悠掉自己的脑袋.

  


秦始皇寻找长生不老药

  问题在于,日本古代,真的有"不死药"存在吗?日本"徐福会"理事重村定夫先生的一篇文章,他认为,这种神奇的不死药,不但存在,而且就出产在他的故乡祝岛,更令人惊讶的是,今天它依然留下了孑遗。

  祝岛,地处濑户内海,在九州、本州、四国三岛环绕之间,人烟稀少.自古以来就流传,在它的深谷腹地有一种神奇的植物果实,俗名"窠窠",日本古书中名为"千岁",大小如核桃,汁浓,味甘,据说食用可保千年不死,便闻一闻也可以增寿三年三个月.



秦始皇寻找长生不老药

  19世纪末,日本植物学家牧野富太郎曾经慕名前往,经过艰苦工作,采到了"千岁"的标本,并欣喜若狂地给友人写信"这是我最弥足珍贵的发现,它的价值无法形容."在祝岛民间,还有用这种植物的枝条制作手杖的习惯,称为蓬莱杖.

  如果"千岁"的传说曾经在当年传人中土,徐福家住东海之滨,听到它应该不是很奇怪的事情.这样的传说,加以附会,通过其他途径传人秦始皇耳朵里并非不可能,那么此时徐福就会极有说服力了.甚至,祝岛的人至今相信徐福曾经光顾过他们的岛屿,因为在海湾的岩石上,留有一副石刻的棋盘,当地人讲就是徐福所留.

  


秦始皇寻找长生不老药

  到这里,我们似乎可以提出一个假说,那就是当年徐福为秦始皇寻找的不死药,很可能就是出产在祝岛的神奇之果--"千岁"。

  但"千岁"究竟是什么呢?它现在是否还存在?祝岛的一位公务员先生证实千岁不但存在,而且正在进行人工种植.据悉,"千岁"的确是一种稀有的植物,它学名Actinidia chinensis Pianch.藤状灌木,以根和果实入药.具调中理气、生津润燥、解热除烦、活血消肿之功效.果肉绿色,果皮软而带毛,今天已经存在人工栽培的品种,果实大小也增大了几倍,常吃可以强身健体,延年益寿……它还有个中国名字,叫做--野生猕猴桃.



秦始皇寻找长生不老药

  天,秦始皇倾天下之力寻找的,就是它?

  鉴于秦始皇的老家,陕西秦岭一带就是野生猕猴桃的产地之一,这东西只怕皇上经常用它来开胃,难怪……难怪徐福找到了"长生不死药",也不敢归国了.




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